Exercise 7. BMP (Beneficial Management Plans)
Case Study Questions
1. Joe has just applied manure to a stubble field. What is the Beneficial Management Practice for this situation?
  1. Incorporation within 12 hours _____
  2. Incorporation within 48 hours _____
  3. No incorporation _____
2. Joe's field has an intermittent creek running through it. What is the Beneficial Management Practice for manure application?
  1. Joe should seed or maintain a vegetated buffer strip on both sides and ensure that there is no manure application within 30m of the buffer strip _____
  2. Joe should apply manure directly up to waters edge _____
  3. Joe should apply manure within 5m of the watercourse and not be concerned about maintaining any riparian vegetation along the creek _____
3. You are thinking about cleaning your pens and applying the manure to a field with long inclined slopes with high runoff potential. What is the Beneficial Management Practice in terms of timing of application?
  1. In the fall just before freezing _____
  2. The spring just before thaw _____
  3. In the spring before crop seeding _____
4. You have been hired to clean the manure out of a feedlot. What is the Beneficial Management Practice?
  1. Scraping and removing all of the organic material (manure) ____
  2. Scraping and removing all of the organic material (manure) plus the upper part of the earthen base ____
  3. Removing all the organic material (manure), the manure-soil combination and the upper portion of the earthen base ____
5. Joe has just received his soil tests on a field that shows high Phosphorus levels. What is the Beneficial Management Practice for next years cropping decision?
  1. Use high P demanding crops (alfalfa, corn, or canola) _____
  2. Allow field to be in fallow for 2 out of the next 4 years _____
  3. Use low P demanding crops (Grass species and barley) _____
6. You have just purchased a half-section of pasture land. There is a creek running through the property but no developed watering systems. What is the Beneficial Management Practice in regards to the following livestock watering systems?
  1. Unlimited access for cattle to creeks, rivers and streams _____
  2. Limited access to waterbodies with enhanced structural design _____
  3. Implement a pipeline watering system where water is pumped from a waterbody to an alternative site _____
7. Bill has a 5000 head feedlot on a gently sloping (4%), south facing site. The feedlot is in a high rainfall area and generally gets a lot of snow. What is the Beneficial Management Practice for this situation?
  1. No structures in place at site _____
  2. Let run-on waters flush manure through pens and away from the site _____
  3. Diversion of run-on waters around or away from site _____
8. You are thinking about building a new liquid manure storage system. In regards to odour and fly control, what would be the Beneficial Management Practice?
  1. Earthen lagoon with floating mat of straw; use of parasitic wasps _____
  2. Uncovered earthen lagoon _____
  3. Contained storage with overflow directed to a water body _____
9. What is the most appropriate BMP for a catch basin?
  1. Unlined and located on sandy soils _____
  2. Unlined and located on clayey soils _____
  3. Located in a recharge wetland _____
10. Joe has a small feedlot where he backgrounds 750 feeders. He owns a tractor, scraper and a loader and he has his own spreader. What is the most efficient method to reduce the volume and weight of the manure while also reducing the fly problem?
  1. One-time manure handling and application in the spring _____
  2. Frequent (biweekly) scraping and mounding into a temporary stockpile _____
  3. In-pen composting with manure piling every 30 days and removal for field application every 60 days _____